EU-Japan-Taiwan Cooperation: Building a Blue Supply Chain

The COVID-19 pandemic, the escalating trade war between the United States and China, and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine have exposed vulnerabilities and weaknesses in the global China-centric economic supply chain as democratic states have experienced significant economic pressures stemming from these external geopolitical occurrences. In this context, democratic states are increasingly falling victim to Chinese economic coercion and trade weaponization as the geopolitical stakes increase. This issue brief discusses the need to reduce dependence on the China-centric global supply chain and explores avenues and challenges that key democratic stakeholders like the EU, Japan, and Taiwan must acknowledge and consider to build a blue supply chain as an alternative to the authoritarian-centered red supply chain.

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