Russian Foreign Policy in 2020: Strengthening Multi-vectoralism
Sino-Russian Relations: Expectations, Illusions, and General Trends
by Niklas Swanström
China and Russia have consistently been building strategic cooperation between one another. Even as Russia has sometimes used the word “alliance” to describe their relations, China has methodologically refrained from using it. In real terms, the relationship is still far from being an alliance. However, for the first time, the term is not so misplaced. If not an alliance, however, can bilateral relations between the two countries be labelled as a “marriage of convenience”? Indeed, the initial reasons for closer ties were more a result of isolation and conflict with the West than anything substantial, but the relationship has developed into something much more concrete and concerning today.
EU’s Perception of the Chinese Westward Expansion
Introduction: Europe has lately been reluctant to see further unrestricted Chinese expansion into the European continent, not least in the eastern and central European states. Even if many states initially […]
Europe’s Involvement in the Indo-Pacific Region: Determined on Paper, Timid in Reality
Introduction France adopted its Indo-Pacific strategy in 2018, Germany in 2020 and the EU in 2021. None of this comes a minute too soon as geo-political and geoeconomic competition in […]
Cross-Strait Relations: A Conflict in Slow Motion?
Abstract Xi Jinping’s much-anticipated centennial speech left little doubt that it remains “an unshakeable commitment” for the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to resolve the Taiwan issue. With the global pandemic […]
The Dawn of the Digital Yuan: China’s Central Bank Digital Currency and Its Implications
Summary The COVID-19 pandemic has driven digital innovation and proved to be an enabling episode for the technology industry; the growing focus on central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) comes within such a context. China has rushed to […]
The Problem of Whitsun Reef
Introduction More than a month has passed since a statement relating to the presence of Chinese fishing vessels at Whitsun Reef was released by the Philippine Coast Guard and the […]
The Next Generation Problem: The Ups and Downs of Sweden’s Huawei Ban
Abstract After months of pending legal challenges, Sweden proceeded with the long-delayed 5G-frequency auctions in January this year, finally allowing Swedish telecom providers to continue the 5G-rollout; however, still without […]