Anchoring BIMSTEC: is Japan going ashore in the Bay of Bengal?


The latest India-Japan 2+2 Foreign and Defence Ministerial Dialogue in September reiterated the two partners’ commitment to greater regional cooperation and integration in the Indo-Pacific. The 2+2 meetings are intended to provide “strategic guidance” to boost India-Japan ties, which were upgraded to Special Strategic and Global Partnership in 2014 by Prime Ministers Narendra Modi and Shinzo Abe. The change in Japan’s leadership to Fumio Kishida in 2021 only strengthened their common strategic vision, and they have pointedly worked to forge a deep, broad-based, action-oriented political, economic, and strategic partnership with long-term regional and global agendas despite occasional setbacks.

This reinvigorated partnership revolves especially around the Bay of Bengalthe north-eastern part of the Indian Ocean linking strategic choke points, particularly because China is making significant inroads in this “strategic hub” (both overland and maritime). At the same time, although China’s rising influence is a motivating factor, also as a systemic challenge, the two Indo-Pacific partners’ have bigger ambitions: despite the economic and political instability looming large in the post-pandemic era, both Japan and India strive to improve regional integration and establish mechanisms that not only bolster their respective global ambitions but also foster inclusive multipolarity.


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